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by Fred F. Farkel, Thursday, March 31st, 2016

 

Guest Author: Ron Sherman

Today, Electronic Messaging is an embedded part of our Daily Lives, whether as e- mail, Instant Messaging, Skype, Facebook, just to name a few. We really don’t concern ourselves on how to configure or doing message testing – we just know it works!

That has not always been the case. Over the years, a lot of planning and development was required to bring about the messaging systems of today. This also included the creation of ‘standards’ among the various vendors creating messaging software. “Standards”, are industry agreements and rules on how to design and create the software to smoothly work in a multi-vendor environment. For instance, you might think of the “Internet” as a standard, it might be better thought of as a “Network of Networks” containing a group of standards ‘under its hood’. The Internet, however, was not widely used outside of Government and some Educational facilities, until the mid 1990’s. Also during this early time period, “Electronic Messaging’” was just called ‘e-mail’…

To read more of this article, please download the Adobe Acrobat PDF, “The Early Years Of Electronic Messaging“, by Ron Sherman

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by Fred F. Farkel, Tuesday, March 22nd, 2016

 

Guest Author: Ron Sherman

As a Fax Server Architect (and Systems Administrator), one of my functions is to set up and maintain Least Cost Routing tables. If you have fax servers spread across several states (or countries), you want to route the fax jobs to minimize Toll Costs. This requires knowing about Telephone Area Codes and staying on top of new Area Codes being added. If there are also geographic areas that you want to block (i.e., Caribbean Islands), you also need to know which specific Area Codes are assigned to those areas. Most of the Caribbean Islands are included in the North American three-digit Area Code Numbering Plan, used in the United States and Canada. Long Distance routing is not quite as confusing of an issue as it used to be, when you had one telecommunications company providing your local service, but having to use a separate telecommunications company for long distance calling, particularly between LATA’s (Local Area Transport Area) Boundaries. LATA’s were established as part of the AT&T breakup, in 1984, defining which calls can be placed by your local telephone company (Baby Bells) and which ones required a Long Distance provider. Most telecommunication companies now support specific compliance rules allowing them to provide both Intra-LATA and Inter-LATA calls. There are close to 200 defined LATAs…

To read more of this article, please download the Adobe Acrobat PDF, “The Growth Of Telephone Area Codes In The U.S.”, by Ron Sherman

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